Networking Dictionary


802.11A / B / G / N / AC
802.11 is a wireless standard. The characters indicate which generation. The characters A, B and G are quite old. 802.11N and 802.11AC are the most common used wireless and fastest standards.

Access point
An access point refers to a wireless access point in the network. Connect this device to the router with a UTP cable.

DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol or DHCP is a network protocol. This network protocol ensures that devices which are in the same network, are able to communicate with each other. An IP address is automatically allocated when DHCP is activated. For a NAS it is best to disable DHCP so you can choose an IP address yourself. Don’t know much about home networks? Then it is best to enable DHCP.

DNLA / UPNP
DLNA means Digital Living Network Alliance. This universal protocol is used for sharing media files by your media player, computer, television, tablet and smartphone. This can be either wireless or wired.
 
Dual Band
Dual Band means that there are 2 frequencies within a network: 2.4GHz and 5GHz band. The 2.4GHz frequency is very occupied. Many devices in one’s household are working on the same frequency. E.g. microwave ovens, baby monitors and wireless mice. By using a different band, 5GHz, you are less affected by interferences. In addition, the 5GHz frequency has a higher bandwidth.

Firewall
Firewall concerns the security in your computer or network device. This protection ensures that, among other things, hackers and other users who have evil intentions cannot access your device.
Windows offers a standard firewall. Please note that this doesn’t guarantee less threats. We recommend using an additional anti-virus, spyware, malware program.

FTP
With a File Transfer Protocol server or an FTP server, you can share files. You need to log in with a username and password on a FTP server. Companies often are using FTP servers. The consumer can use Cloud services to share files with others. Think of Dropbox, WeTransfer, OneDrive or Google Drive.

Gigabit
The term Gigabit is used to indicate the speed of a network. It is written as Gbit/s or Gbps. 1 Gigabit is 1 000 000 000 bits.

Homeplug
A home plug is another name for a powerline adapter. Thanks to a home plug, you can turn a wall socket into a network connection. This can be both wired and wireless.

Hotspot
A hotspot is a central WiFi access point that is often located in a public location e.g. city, hotel, train station or airport. You can use it for free or for a small amount of money.
 A smartphone can also create a mobile hotspot. You can share this connection with others. It is important to protect this connection with a password to prevent misuse.

IoT (Internet of Things)
This involves household appliances with an Internet connection that you can control remotely.

IP address
IP means Internet Protocol. This technique ensures that computers can communicate with each other. At home, you can have two different types of IP addresses: IP address of your Internet provider and IP addresses from your home network. The provider's IP address is usually dynamic. This means that the address will be renewed regularly. The router determines the IP addresses in your own network. You can recognize an IP address by four strings separated by a dot, for example: 192.168.1.100.

MAC address
MAC means Media Access Control. A MAC address is a unique identification number of a device (e.g. your computer, tablet, smartphone, game console or media player) in the network. The MAC address can be found in the settings of the device.

Mbps & MB/s
The speed of a router is indicated by Mbps (Megabits per second). If you prefer to calculate in MB (megabytes), then divide the indicated number by 8. For example, dividing 300 Mbps by 8 is 37.5 MB/s.

Modem
You need a modem to use the Internet. A modem is a box that ensures that a connection is made with the Internet provider. Your Internet Provider offers a modem in the installation package. A modem can be a separate box, but it can also be combined with a router.

NAS
A NAS (Network Attached Storage) is an external hard drive connected to the network. This allows you to share files with other devices in the same network as the NAS. You can also stream media files from the NAS to other devices in the network that support DNLA / UPnP.

Powerline adapter
A powerline adapter is another name for home plug. This turns a wall socket into a network connection.

QoS
Quality of Service, also known as QoS, is an additional feature that can prioritize devices in your home network by giving them a higher or lower priority compared to other devices in your network. Your device or action gets more or less speed. E.g. video streaming gets a higher priority than surfing the Internet.

Repeater
A repeater amplifies the wireless signal from your router. Keep in mind that the speed is halved. Another name for repeater is range extender.

Router
A router distributes the Internet signal. This can be both wired and wireless. Connect the router to the modem via the WAN port. Some modems have a built-in router.

SSID
SSID (Service Set Identifier) ​​refers to the name of your wireless network. You can see this name when you search for a wireless network on your laptop, tablet and smartphone. Change this name to your preferred name. Hide the SSID so that only people who know the name can connect to this particular network.

Stream
The word streaming can be used in multiple ways. You can stream directly from a computer or NAS (Network Attached Storage) to another device without copying the files first. You can also stream from a video platform.

Switch
If your router does not have enough network ports, you can use a switch to expand the number of network ports.

UTP
UTP means Unshielded Twisted Pair and is a network cable / Ethernet cable. A UTP cable has 8 wires. Not all UTP cables are the same. A distinction can be made in the quality: CAT5E, CAT6, CAT6A and CAT7. In a home situation you usually come across CAT5E.

WAN
WAN means Wide Area Network. Connect the modem to the WAN port on your router.

WiFi/Wi-Fi & WLAN
WiFi is a brand name for wireless 801.11 networks. WLAN is the same as WiFi/Wi-Fi: wireless networks.

WPA / WPA2
Do you want to secure your home network? Use the WPA (WiFi Protected Access) password or WPA2 (recommended). You can check this in the settings of your router.

WPS
WPS means WiFi Protected Setup. This protocol allows you to connect your wireless device to a router by touching the WPS button on the router and the wireless device. This without entering the SSID and password.

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